The adults attack fruit in February and March when the fruit is growing on the plants. Maggots develop from the flies’ eggs and feed on the pulp of the fruit. Subject(s): CUCURBITS CUCURBIT CULTIVARS CUCURBITS PEST MANAGEMENT IPM SEEDS. Apply carbaryl 10% DP in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae. Fruit flies lay their eggs inside the fruit and the maggots feed on the flesh. 2005). Take yellow crushed ripened pumpkin and apply drops of Malathion 50 EC 0.1 % solution over it and keep it in different places on the ground near the crop. Accepted 13 January, 2010 Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Pesticides After 7 to 10 days the maggot will drop onto the soil and pupate. This fruit will not develop and is often just left on the plant. Pakistan. Management of cucurbit fruit fly Bactocera cucurbiteae . Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. Fruit flies can be controlled by using poison bait (100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water). … The adult fly is pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on. Home > Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) Information ; Usage statistics ; Files ; Holdings . Damage assessment and management of cucurbit fruit flies in spring-summer squash R. Sapkota*, K. C. Dahal and R. B. Thapa Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Chitwan, Nepal. Treat the soil with Malathion 5 % powder 20 kg per Ropani during winter, Deep ploughing in winter is recommended as this will damage pupae in the soil. The study entitled "Major Insect Pest of Cucurbits and their management practices adopted in Lamjung District" were carried out from June23, 2018 to August 25, 2018. As a result fruits rot and infestation often spread quickly. Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Recognize the problem Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. 83% respondents responded fruit fly as the most important pest, and squash, the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly. (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the most serious pests of cucurbits in Bangladesh (Alam, 1969; Akhtaruzzaman . Numerous maggots may be seen within infected fruits. Nepal Share . Spraying with 0.2% carbaryl is also found effective. Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. Note(s) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits. In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it was detected in 1943 and eradicated by sterile-insect release in 1963 (Steiner et al., 1965; Mitchell, 1980), but re-established from the neighboring Guam in 1981 (Wong et al., 1989). If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. in Cucurbits Susan Webb University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology . Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. Management: Employing parasitoids like Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the bugs. This pest is also known as melon fly and sometimes as a cucurbit fruit fly. Description: 2 p. Record ID: 66492. problems of cucurbits. Total 95 farmers were interviewed randomly from Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience Fruit fly (Dacus cucurbitae) is a major pest of cultivated cucurbits. 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf File Size32.6 MiB DateJuly 28, 2016 Downloads497 LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Like most websites we use cookies. Management Option. Several biotic factors limit the production and productivity of cucurbits, of which the cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cu-curbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), has been the most prominent pest. 25-50% yield loss was reported in cucurbits. Fruit fly traps containing cue lure, chemically known as 4-(p-acetoxyphenyl) -2-butanone, which attracts males of fruit flies were used for monitoring the population of fruit flies in different cucurbits. Here it is a frequent source of an early fly build-up. ©CAB International. BANASKANTHA (GUJARAT), INDIA *E-Mail: fk_43@yahoo.co.in _____ ABSTRACT The present survey for cultivated and wild hosts of fruit fly was carried out in … Infestation of Fruit fly in Ridge Gourd, Snake Gourd and Bitter Gourd. kaflekr@gmail.com or keshavkafle@yahoo.co.in, Collect damaged fruits regularly and destroy them in a deep hole or soak in water mixed with a chemical insecticide. Female flies lay eggs inside the fruit. Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. A technician prepares to irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them. Cucurbits Weed Photo Gallery, with Common and Scientific Names (12/09) Integrated Weed Management (7/13) Organic Weed Control (6/12) Special Weed Problems (6/12) Susceptibility of Weeds to Herbicide Control (7/13) Herbicide Treatment Table (5/16) The extent of yield-loss caused by the pest to cucurbita-ceous vegetables ranges from 30–100%, depending upon cucurbit species and the sea-son (Dhillon et al. possible. Fruit Fly, Bactrocera Cucurbitae (COQ) on Host Bottle Gourd, ... an integrated component of integrated pest management. Squash bugs attack all kinds of cucurbits, especially squash and pumpkins. It was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33% and most them are males. Use of sex pheromone like “Cuelure”. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest by chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits. Fruit fly damage starts from March and ends in August or September. Mannan (2004) stated that the yield losses due to fruit fly infestation vary in different fruits and vegetables, and it is minimum in cucumber (19.19%) and maximum in sweet gourd (69.96%). Among cucurbits, incidence was more in bitter gourd and ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Recommendation. Prepare a food bait to control the flies. 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf [32.59 MB] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest@worldveg.org. The associated symptoms were wilting and drying out. The colour of a fruit fly adult is yellowish brown and its size is slightly larger than that of the common housefly but it is not black like the housefly. Use GF-120 (Active Ingredient: Spinosad). When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. Life History. Like most websites we use cookies. Most of the damage is caused by the larvae that nourishes inside the fruit during its growth and development. The fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) Cover young fruits with newspapers or waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or in a kitchen garden. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. Cost benefit/profitability In cucurbits, installation of fruit fly traps @ 25 traps/ ha along with BAT (jiggery + malathion) application thrice increased fruit yield to 142.0 q/ha compared to 117.5 q/ha in farmers practice. However, further experiments on the integration of the above approaches would be extremely helpful to find out the most appropriate package against this pest. It was detected in Nauru in 198… It attacks young and older stages. Cucurbits stink bug: It attacks all most all cucurbit crops. Deep ploughing to expose hibernating stages, Application of spray baits and use of chemical traps are also found useful in reducing the intensity of infestation (see mango fruit fly control also) and Biological control. Maggots feed inside the fruits, but at times also f… The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. The fly will not go into the shaded area under the newspaper or cloth so this will prevent the fly laying eggs. With baby marrows, female flowers often open before male flowers. The melon fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India is considered as its native home (Table 1). 2004). Area-wide Fruit Fly Management (more on pages 8-9): The chapter on area-wide fruit fly management showcases results obtained by implementation of an area-wide program with citrus farmers in Karo district of North Sumatra, Indonesia. The study showed that … Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. Female adult fruit flies have a prominent ovipositor which is used for laying eggs in the fruit. The eggs hatch and the maggots damage the fruit. Fruit flies are important pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants (Bharathi et al. Add 0.5 L of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of solution. Buy Studies on Population & Management of Melon Fruit Fly In Cucurbits: Population Dynamics and Management of Melon Fruit Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) in cucurbit agro-ecosystem by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Department of Agricultural Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal. Overview •New products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management. The yield advantage of technology was 20.9% with … The maggot leaves the fruit and goes into the soil to overwinter where it goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult. This may save a lot of money and effort later. is highly prone to damage by this pest in Nepal. Scouting/ thresholds. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Keywords: CUCURBITS. The comparative evaluation of different methods against fruit fly revealed that, bagging of fruits at 3 DAA and retained for 5 days, bait trap and pheromone trap may be recommended for the management of cucurbit fruit fly. Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) World Vegetable Center. Management: • The regular removal & destruction of the infested fruits • Frequent raking of the soil under the vine/ ploughing the infested field after crop harvested can help in killing the pupae. Contact … Hoe around the plants during January and February, while the pests are at their sleeping stage, to expose them to the sun and to birds that will kill them, Install 3-4 pheromone traps (available from local agrochemical dealers) per acre in the field in the 1st week of March to trap adult flies, Collect and bury the attacked fruit at the depth of more than one foot to avoid spreading the fruit flies. Generally, it causes damage by feeding on foliage sometimes it also damages fruits. 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