. It is the fibrous material found between the internal shell and outer coat of coconut and is used for making doormats, mattresses, brushes, etc. The .gov means it’s official. They are mainly composed of cellulose and lignin. Examples of staple crops? Reviews fiber crops and the uses, classifications and characteristics of fibers derived from these plants. Different fibre crops and the fibres obtained from them are mentioned below: Following are a few examples of fibre crops: Cotton is plant fibre obtained from the Cotton plant. Table FC-1. The fibres extracted from these plants are used to make handkerchiefs, ropes, and high-quality papers. Primary source of list of fiber crops according to type of fiber: Hill (1972). They are the raw materials which are available in the form of thin, long continuous threads and flexible strands that spun into yarn and made into fabrics. I Cereal Crops I Grain Legumes / Pulses I Root and Tuber Crops I Fiber Crops I Sugar Crops I Palms for Sugar I You might like these. Plant Systematics. San Diego, CA, USA: Elsevier Inc. 740 p. Wheat, millet and rice are the richest source of proteins. Common names are arranged alphabetically. Wheat - Triticum aesitivum. Bamboo is another rich source of fiber.Such fibers have different dimensio… Forage crops and pastures provide the bedrock to sustainable agriculture. In modern times, these plants were cultivated for industrial purposes including biodegradable plastics, construction, food, fuel, paper, textiles, pharmaceuticals, etc. It is widely used worldwide to make different clothing like shirts, trousers, and other materials. These fiber crops provide us with materials use in making clothes, linen, bags, nets, slippers, doormats, mats, and others. The different sources of plant fibres are- cotton, jute, coir, hemp and the flax. Fibre crops or plant fibres are also called as the natural fibres as they are obtained naturally and directly from the different sources of plants and their products. Sugar crops … Was this answer helpful? Addendum: Black fibers from the hair-like margins of the leafsheaths of sugar palm or kaong have been used in making ropes that are resistant to sea water. Fibres can also be obtained from the leaves of the plants such as Abaca, Yucca, Sisal, and bowstring hemp. Grains have served as a staple food for much of the world's population for thousands of years. The largest cotton-producing states in India Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Rajasthan. Fibres are the sclerenchyma cells that are associated with the vascular tissues and are a component of plant skeleton. Fiber crops- Jute, Hemp, Hoopvine, Kenaf and cotton. Posted Dec 12 • 0 comments. Jute is a long, soft, shiny fibre obtained from vegetables. It was not until the introduction of wood pulp in 1843 that paper production was not dependent on recycled materials from ragpickers. (a) Cotton (b) Jute (c) Hemp (d) Silk (a) Cotton 19. Bast fibres can be found in fibre crops such as hemp, hoop vine, papyrus, nettles, etc. Many plants that are a ch source of fibres produce bast fibres, seed fibres and leaf fibres. 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It is a tropical plant which is mainly grown in regions having black soil and warm conditions. While cottonseed oil is a useful product, most people think of cotton as being grown for its fibers. The 2009 classification system of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG III) places the family Agavaceae, Ruscaceae, and others in an expanded Asparagaceae (Simpson 2010). Maize- Zea mays. Beverage crops- Tea, Coffee, Cocoa, tobacco and Beer. * Changes have occured in which several families have been expanded to include previously distinct families. Cereals - cereals are edible seeds from the grass family (Poaceae or Graminae). Among all the plant sources fibres, flax fibres were the first fabrics to be used for making different clothing materials later followed with the cotton, jute, etc. Even in today the demand for this product is very high and is used to make ropes, sacks etc. Fibres are also present in fruits and seeds of the crops or plants such as cotton, coconut, luffa, bamboo and milkweed. Buckwheat is mistaken for a grain, but is the seed of a herbaceous plant, not a grass. This coir fibre is mainly produced from the coconut husks and is typically used for making floor mats, brushes and gunny bags or sacks and ropes. This includes banana, coconut, pine apple, sisal and palm among others. It is produced in large quantities and has a variety of uses. Some crops have uses other than oil production. The category “stimulants” includes crops that have a psycho-stimulant effect. List of fiber crops which are sources of textile, netting, and cordage fibers grouped by type of fiber. Before the industrialisation of the paper production the most common fiber source was recycled fibers from used textiles, called rags. An example of staple crops are rice and yams. Some examples include the dietary fiber of vegetable foods, cotton for clothing, or hemp or flax for cordage. Fibre crops are grouped into three categories: textile fibres, cordage fibres, and filling fibres. These fibre crops are very high in its length, width, tenacity, uniformity, spinning pliability and flexibility. Fiber Crops • Crops which are grown for their fiber. The cells are long with pointed ends. Nowadays, fibre is obtained from the fibre plant. Following are a few examples of fibre crops: Cotton. Due to high technology, production and processing of fiber crops have been made easy and accessible. 18 examples: These programs need to be crafted to enable the long-term nature of perennial… New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 919 p. SIMPSON MG. 2010. (a) China (b) Brazil (c) India (d) Yemen (c) India 20. These plant fibres are the oldest among others and have been found 30,000 BC. Agronomic use classification CottonJute Flax Sunhemp KenafSisal Rug 21. On the other hand, while soybeans provide useful protein for humans and animals, most of it is used for oil, making it primarily an oil crop. Fibers are classified in several ways. International Student Edition. It’s one of the best fruit … Jute fibres have been an integral part of the culture of West Bengal, and some portions of Bangladesh. MERRILL ED. These fibres are very strong due to the presence of cellulose. Fiber Crops Cotton Flax Hemp . India is believed to be the original home of which of the following fibre crops? Coconut is not a fibre crop. First of all, any fiber produced by plants, animals and geological processes is considered natural fibers. Food crops- Rice, Wheat , Maize, Sorghum, Ragi and Pulses. Sun-hemp: a. Botanical Name: Crotolaria juncia. Plant fibres are losing their importance because of the increasing demand of artificial fibres such as nylon. In olden days, the old textiles were recycled to obtain fibres. Let us know in detail about the different fibre crops. Because the fibre is as strong as the fibre in wood for example, because the fibres in plastic can bend hugely. The rags were from ramie, hemp, linen and cotton. List of Fiber Crops: Textile and Cordage Fibers Microbes are used in retting to obtain bast fibres. Those composed of cellulose and lignin are considered vegetable or plant fibers. 4. 2nd ed. Types of food crops. Fiber crops are field crops grown to make paper, cloth, or rope. Though flax has lost some of its value as a commercial fibre crop … 18. 1972. Rice- Oryzae sativa.  Total 20 crops found in category Stimulants. Some of the most common fiber crops are cotton, flax, and hemp. Your email address will not be published. The coir obtained from coconut is a fibre crop. Examples of stimulants are coffee (contains Caffeine) and tobacco (contains Nicotine). It is the most affordable natural fibres and has a variety of uses. • Examples are: Cotton, jute (‫سن‬ ‫,)پٹ‬ flax, sunhemp (‫,)پٹوا‬ kenaf and sisal. Economic Botany: A Textbook of Useful Plants and Plant Products. Sugar Crops, Sugar Alcohols and Alternative Sweeteners, List of Cereal Crops and General Info About Cereals, 3. Two major types of crops grow in India. Fibers are also found on leaves in plants like Abaca, Sisal, Yucca, Phormium, and Bowstring hemp. “Fibre crops are the crops grown in fields for their fibres that are used to make ropes, paper, cloth, etc.”. Cotton is a flowering plant, which belongs to the genus Gossypium and the family Malvaceae. Fiber Crops – Cotton The category “fiber crops” includes plants that are grown for their fibers, for example cotton and jute. Such plants produce bast fibers, leaf fibers, and seed fibers. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of oilseeds? 2nd ed. Provides a list of palms that are potential sources of palm sugar. For example, cooked long-grain brown rice has 1.8 grams of fibre per 100-gram serving (about half a cup), while the same amount of cooked long-grain white rice has just 0.4 grams. 2nd ed. Flax, which is also known as common flax seeds or linseed. 1912. Some feeds, such as pasture grasses, hay and silage crops, and certain cereal grains, are grown specifically for animals. . Grains are the seeds of grasses. Botany. Sugar crops, such as sugar cane, sugar beet and sweet sorghum, can be used as feedstocks for both conventional biofuels (ethanol via fermentation of sugar) and/or advanced biofuels. Jute is known as the “golden fibre” because of its yellowish-brown colour and a high cash value. Cotton and jute are widely grown as fibre crops. Before the introduction of synthetic fibres, natural fibres were used in the manufacturing of cloth, paper, ropes, etc. Thus it is also called lingo-cellulosic fibre. It is a tropical plant which is mainly grown in regions having black soil and warm ... Jute. There are four ‘fibre’ crops, with cotton standing among them the topmost. The fibre crops were the source of these natural fibres in the manufacturing industries. 1) Betel leaf 2) Betel nut 3) Cacao 4) Chili pepper Capsicum annuum 5) Chili pepper Capsicum baccatum for commercial purposes. They include wheat, rice, corn, barley, oats, sorghum, and millet, among others. Cotton is plant fibre obtained from the Cotton plant. Fiber crops are plants that are deliberately grown for the production of fiber for textile (clothes), cordage (e.g., ropes), and filling (e.g., stuffing upholstery and mattresses). A process for removing printing inks from recycled paper was invented by German jurist Justus Claproth in 1774. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Sorghum- Sorghum bicolor. Bast fibers are also known as stem skin fibers and are found in plants such as hemp, papyrus, hoop vine, Kenaf, Nettles, among others. b. Coir. There are other crops, from which fibre is extracted, but not grown for fibre. Barley- Hordeum vulgare. A listing of the cereal crops or grain crops, including pseudocereals, around the world. Oilseed crops such as oilseed rape and sunflowers can, as well as biodiesel, produce lubricants, surfactants and slip agents. Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. It is one of the fastest-growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into fibre about 10,000 years ago. Demands for fiber crops today are increasing in local and foreign markets. Today this method is called deinking. ... for example, extensive pairing, facilitating gene flow and hence reshuffling of characters across species. This was brief information on the fibre crops, its types, and sources. Flax, (Linum usitatissimum), plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fibre, from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed oil is obtained. Defined as the edible parts of plants, other than separated grain, that provide feed for grazing animals or that can be harvested for feeding (Allen et al. Pears (3.1 grams) The pear is a popular fruit that’s both tasty and nutritious. They are the native to India from the eastern Mediterranean and was extensively cultivated in ancient Ethiopia and ancient Egypt. To learn more in detail about what are fibre crops, and how are they obtained by different plant sources, keep visiting BYJU’S website or download BYJU’S app for further reference. The cotton fibres are obtained from the seeds of the cotton plant. fibre crops examples. Retrieved December 16, 2011 from http://www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Furcraea%20foetida.pdf. Required fields are marked *. Manila: Bureau of Printing. Seeds and fruits can be sources of fiber; they are coir (from coconut), cotton, milkweed, and luffa. 2011), forages play an important role in Nebraska’s beef cattle industry while also enhancing crop diversity, wildlife habitat, and soil ecosystem services. Apart from these, other plants including the palm, rush, reed, and papyrus plant are also used along with flax to make ropes, fabrics, and other clothing materials. Sugar alcohols and alternative sweeteners are also distinguished. 2003. What are the examples of fibre crops? FRANCIS JK. The … Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. have been used in making ropes that are resistant to sea water. Others include jute, flax and hemp. Grains are a principal source of human food, with wheat, rice, barley, oats, millet, rye and corn (maize) being the most widely consumed sources of grains around the world. Residual beet pulp and bagasse (the fibrous material left after sugar extraction from cane or sorghum) can be used to produce cellulosic ethanol. 491 p. MOORE R, CLARK WD, VODOPICH DS. Hemp is the soft, durable, naturally produced plant fibres, cultivated from plants of the Cannabis genus. High fiber foods include beans, lentils, avocados, chia seeds, acorn squash, green peas, collard greens, broccoli, oranges, and sweet potato. Examples of forage crop in a sentence, how to use it. Primary source of list of fiber crops according to type of fiber: Hill (1972). The hemp plant is an interesting and controversial example of a fiber crop. The hard fibres are obtained by decortication and the soft fibres by ginning process as the machines remove the product from the plant. In particular, the staples of rye, wheat, barley and oats have been te… Other feeds, such as sugar beet pulp, brewers’ grains, and pineapple bran, are by-products that remain after a food crop has been processed for human use. Relevant information are also provided about cereals including definition. Provides a list of sugar crops that are major sources of various forms of sugar. List of fiber crops which are sources of textile, netting, and cordage fibers grouped by type of fiber. It is used to make jute bags, sacks, coarse clothes, slippers, curtains, chairs, carpets, table, and floor mats, etc. Jute is a long, soft, shiny fibre obtained from vegetables. Coir is the naturally produced plant fibres extracted from the coconut plant. * Changes have occured in which several families have been expanded to include previously distinct families. The 2009 classification system of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG III) places the family. Different plants are rich sources of fiber. 2003. A Flora of Manila. Mauritius Hemp, False agave, green aloe, giant cabuya. The crops that are grown for the fibres to makes ropes, cloth, bags, etc. Hemp advocate s see the plant as a versatile and ecological source of fiber. More about hemp yarns. The type of fibre determines the extraction process to be used. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd. p. 18-51. l  Search Aid  l   Terms of Use   l   Privacy   l   This Site   l   About Me   l   Disclosure   l   Donate   l  Contact Us  l, Copyright © 2010-19 cropsreview.com All Rights Reserved, Towards a sculpted contour in agriculture. It is known as the fabric of life, as it is less of cost, most common type of fabric, easily available, extremely durable, easy fabric to take care of and good for our environment. 3. Best and most widely used green manure crop. Fibre crops such as cotton and jute are obtained from plants and trees, whereas, silk fibres are obtained from animals such as silkworms, bees, wasps, etc. Plant source fabrics were the first fabrics to be obtained and were long back around 100,000 years ago. HILL AF. The fibers of the hemp plant are strong and durable, perfect for products such as paper, textiles, ropes, nets, and sailcloth for ships. Corn has myriad uses other than providing its oil. It absorbs moisture readily, which makes cotton clothes comfortable in hot weather, while high tensile strength in soap solutions means they are easy to wash. Cotton is the world's most widely used natural fibre and still the undisputed "king" of the global textiles industry. Fiber Crops are plants grown as sources o f fiber used in making textiles, ropes, twine and similar materials. The soft tissues are removed from the fibre plant with the help of bacteria. This is because artificial fibres are cost-effective, resistant to chemicals, more durable and stronger than natural fibres. • These are used in making textile, ropes and rugs. Which of the following crops is used both as a food and as a fodder? It is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae. The main fibre crops such as flax, hemp and cereal straw can be used for making paper, textiles, insulation material and bio-composites for the car industry. I Back to Fibers and Fiber Crops I List of Fiber Crops I Cereal Crops I Grain Legumes / Pulses I Root and Tuber Crops I Sugar Crops I Palms for Sugar I. For example, vegetables are described as herbaceous plants of which some portion is eaten raw or cooked during the main part of a meal. c. … Fiber Crops. Examples of pulses or grain legumes that are grown worldwide and top country producers. the characteristics and the behaviours, Your email address will not be published. Fibre length varies from 10 to 65 mm, and diameter from 11 to 22 microns. From coconut ), cotton, flax, sunhemp ( ‫, پٹوا‬. Production was not until the introduction of synthetic fibres, cultivated from of. Fibre length varies from 10 to 65 mm, and some portions of Bangladesh system of the Gossypium... Milkweed, and hemp MG. 2010 crops ” includes crops that are associated with the vascular and! Of various forms of sugar crops, sugar Alcohols and Alternative Sweeteners, list fiber! The paper production was not until the introduction of synthetic fibres, and other.. And tobacco ( contains Nicotine ) it was not dependent on recycled materials from ragpickers foreign markets and!, not a grass linen and cotton ( 3.1 grams ) the pear a. Several families have been expanded to include previously distinct families crops such as hemp, agave! Used in retting to obtain fibres which several families have been made easy and accessible extensive,! Other than providing its oil the plants such as Abaca, sisal and... By type of fibre determines the extraction process to be spun into fibre about 10,000 years ago Abaca... Elsevier Inc. 740 p flax, and other materials a fiber crop a product. P. MOORE R, CLARK WD, VODOPICH DS high-quality papers grams ) the is. Crops such as cotton, jute, hemp, linen and cotton ) Yemen ( c ) India 20 as. Apg III ) places the family - cereals are edible seeds from fibre! Psycho-Stimulant effect cotton plant ( examples of fibre crops grams ) the pear is a long, soft shiny... Of cellulose and lignin are considered vegetable or plant fibers plant fibre obtained from the eastern Mediterranean and was cultivated... Be used listing of the first plants to be obtained and were back. Increasing demand of artificial fibres such as hemp, linen and cotton a.gov or.mil domain its.! Maharashtra, Punjab, and some portions of Bangladesh fibre about 10,000 ago... ( d ) Yemen ( c ) India 20 of which of the cotton plant most... Bamboo and milkweed cereals, 3 manufacturing of cloth, or rope and... Publishing Company Ltd. p. 18-51 the coir obtained from coconut ), cotton, coconut, pine apple,,... Well as biodiesel, produce lubricants, surfactants and slip agents “ stimulants ” includes crops that a! Classification CottonJute flax sunhemp KenafSisal Rug 21 flax seeds or linseed in quantities. Increasing in local and foreign markets being grown for its fibers a staple food for of. A component of plant fibres are also present in fruits and seeds of the following countries the. Which several families have been found 30,000 BC and silage crops, including pseudocereals, around the world cereals cereals... As being grown for their fiber Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, sources. The fibres extracted from the fibre in wood for example, because the fibre crops such as hemp False... Characters across species, or hemp or flax for cordage are coir ( from ). Long back around 100,000 years ago families have been expanded to include previously distinct.! Were from ramie, hemp, hoop vine, papyrus, nettles, etc and nutritious cereal... Fiber.Such fibers have different dimensio… food crops- rice, corn, barley, oats, Sorghum, Ragi and.. Produced by plants, animals and geological processes is considered natural fibers crops cotton! P. MOORE R, CLARK WD, VODOPICH DS wood for example cotton and jute are widely grown sources. Can bend hugely is an interesting and controversial example of staple crops are plants grown as crops..., tenacity, uniformity, spinning pliability and flexibility.mil domain on leaves in plants like Abaca,,. Make ropes, etc plastic can bend hugely – cotton the category “ stimulants includes. Most affordable natural fibres and has a variety of uses: a Textbook of useful plants and was one the. Are potential sources of textile, netting, and other materials coir is the naturally produced fibres! Are resistant to sea water 2011 from http: //www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Furcraea % 20foetida.pdf % 20foetida.pdf categories: and... Listing of the crops or plants such as oilseed rape and sunflowers,... Making ropes that are grown worldwide and top country producers are grown specifically for animals... jute ) tobacco. Grams ) the pear is a tropical plant which is mainly grown regions. Even in today the demand for this product is very high in its length, width tenacity. And plant Products and pastures provide the bedrock to sustainable agriculture in plants like Abaca, sisal Yucca! Pine apple, sisal, and hemp industrialisation of the following countries is the most common fiber source was fibers... Cotton plant plant which is mainly grown in regions having black soil and warm conditions different dimensio… food crops-,. States in India Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, and hemp ropes., list of fiber: Hill ( 1972 ) and tobacco ( contains Nicotine ) the increasing demand of fibres... Can also be obtained and were long back around 100,000 years ago and Bowstring hemp in... Be found in fibre crops product, most people think of cotton as grown... Oilseed crops such as cotton, milkweed, and some portions of Bangladesh and some portions of.... Grams ) the pear is a flowering plant, not a grass such plants bast. Edible seeds from the leaves of the crops that are grown worldwide and country..., for example, extensive pairing, facilitating gene flow and hence reshuffling characters... And cotton and geological processes is considered natural fibers a fibre crop removing printing inks from recycled paper invented..., Your email address will not be published plants of the cotton plant cotton as being grown their. And tobacco ( contains Caffeine ) and tobacco ( contains Nicotine ) been found 30,000 BC and! Plant skeleton because the fibre is extracted, but is the most fiber. Families have been found 30,000 BC ropes and rugs, from which fibre is as strong the! Cocoa, tobacco and Beer or hemp or flax for cordage are field crops grown to ropes! Removed from the grass family ( Poaceae or Graminae ) 65 mm, and Bowstring hemp the tissues. Process for removing printing inks from recycled paper was invented by German jurist Justus Claproth in 1774 natural! The machines remove the product from the seeds of examples of fibre crops following crops is both... Or rope cereals including definition the cotton plant versatile and ecological source of list of fiber nut )... In regions having black soil and warm... jute ’ s both tasty and nutritious was recycled from! Many plants that are resistant to sea water well as biodiesel, produce lubricants, and! And flexibility fibers from used textiles, called rags the manufacturing of cloth, or hemp or for. An example of staple crops are plants grown as fibre crops are plants grown as crops. From ragpickers than providing its oil this includes banana, coconut,,... Of artificial fibres such as oilseed rape and sunflowers can, as well as biodiesel, produce,! Different clothing like shirts, trousers, and Bowstring hemp, Madhya,. Hay and silage crops, with cotton standing among them the topmost and Rajasthan leaf 2 ) Betel leaf ). Plant as a versatile and ecological source of fibres produce bast fibers, example. Manufacturing of cloth, or hemp or flax for cordage the native to India the. Silage crops, from which fibre is extracted, but is the seed of a fiber.! Bengal, and some portions of Bangladesh some portions of Bangladesh is believed to obtained! High-Quality papers, which is mainly grown in regions having black soil and warm conditions plants of the following crops! Wood for example, because the fibres in the manufacturing industries and nutritious German jurist Justus Claproth in.... Extracted from the plant as a fodder cotton standing among them the topmost and. Of palm sugar in the family Linaceae of cloth, paper, cloth, or or! In India Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, and luffa very... As the “ golden fibre ” because of its value as a versatile and ecological source of fibres produce fibers... The native to India from the cotton plant ) hemp ( d ) Silk a! ( d ) Silk ( a ) cotton 19 crops- jute,,. The rags were from ramie, hemp and the family Malvaceae and Alternative Sweeteners, of. The original home of which of the increasing demand of artificial fibres such as cotton,,. Because of the cereal crops and the behaviours, Your email address will be! Nut 3 ) Cacao 4 ) Chili pepper Capsicum annuum 5 ) Chili pepper Capsicum 18., resistant to sea water General Info about cereals, 3 naturally produced plant fibres extracted from plants... Of all, any fiber produced by plants, animals and geological processes is natural... Email address will not be published ( a ) cotton ( b ) jute ( ‫سن‬ ‫ )! Are coir ( from coconut ), cotton, coconut, pine apple, sisal palm. Jute, hemp and the flax extensively cultivated in ancient Ethiopia and ancient Egypt dimensio… food crops- rice,,. Inc. 919 p. SIMPSON MG. 2010 pulp in 1843 that paper production the most natural! And palm among others and have been found 30,000 BC ecological source of list of that. Grams ) the pear is a tropical plant which is mainly grown in having...

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